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Index of   Venezuela's  States Maps


Amazonas State-Map

Anzoategui Stae Map

Apure State Map

Aragua-State Map

Bolivar State-Maps

Carabobo State - Map

cojedes

Delta Amacuro Map

Distrito Federal Map

Falcon State Map

Guarico State Map

Lara State Map

Merida State Map

miranda

Monagas Stae Map

Nueva Esparta State Map

portuguesa

Sucre State Map

Tachira State Map

Trujillo State Map

Yaracuy State Map

Zulia State Map

Dependencias Map


 

Index of   Venezuela's  Municipios by State - Maps

Amazonas State-Map

Anzoategui Stae Map

Apure State Map

Aragua-State Map

Bolivar State-Maps

Carabobo State - Map

cojedes

Delta Amacuro Map

Distrito Federal Map

Falcon State Map

Guarico State Map

Lara State Map

Merida State Map

miranda

Monagas Stae Map

Nueva Esparta State Map

portuguesa

Sucre State Map

Tachira State Map

Trujillo State Map

Yaracuy State Map

Zulia State Map

Dependencias Map



CUENCAS-HYDROGRAPHICS MAPS  (8)

Cuenca Orinoco Sur   -   Cuenca Delta   -   Cuenca Llanos Surorientales   -   Cuenca Litoral Central

Cuenca Llanos Centroccidentales  -  Cuenca Litoral Noroccidental   -   Cuenca Lago Valencia

Cuenca lago Maracaibo



GEOGRAPHY

Geography (from Greek geo, "earth," graphein, "to write"), the scientific study of the Earth's surface. Geography describes and analyzes the spatial variations in physical, biological, and human phenomena that occur on the surface of the globe and treats their interrelationships and their significant regional patterns.

Geography is one of the oldest subjects of study, and it has been called the mother of sciences. In the classical world geography had close ties with history (as in Herodotus) in attempting to describe what other lands and peoples were like or with astronomy and philosophy (as in Eratosthenes and Ptolemy) in trying to ascertain the size of the Earth and to locate places on it. Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859), a German naturalist and geographer, was a key figure in the rise of modern geography because of his exact measurements, his careful recording of observations, and his mapping of significant areal patterns of human and natural features.

Though once associated entirely with mapping and the exploration of the Earth, the discipline of geography is today a wide-ranging one. Any pattern of spatial variation of phenomena on the surface of the Earth may be influenced by many of the processes that animate the natural and human realms, requiring geographers to be conversant with the principles of the biological, social, and earth sciences. Desertification in Africa, for example, is often attributed to drought, but studies reveal that it has been accelerated by overgrazing, overexpansion of farming, and removal of trees and shrubs for firewood. Many such phenomena are studied by other specialists, but it is the distinctive task of the geographer to investigate their distributional patterns, their regional complexes, the networks that link the elements, and the processes involved in the interaction among them.

The special subdisciplines of geography are divided into areas of physical, human, and regional geography. Physical geography is further subdivided into geomorphology, climatology, biogeography, and hydrology. In this category particular attention has been paid to coastal areas, to water and mineral resources (including energy), and to natural hazards. Human geography includes historical geography, cultural and social geography, population geography, political geography, economic geography (including the study of agriculture, industry, trade, and transportation), and urban geography. Medical geography, environmental management, and conservation of resources fall between these two large fields. The scale of study in regional geography may range from worldwide regionalization, to a continent, a major cultural area, a country, a subregion within a country, or a city.

Geography utilizes a battery of methods and techniques. Particularly important are direct field observations and mapping. Methods of observation have been enhanced by such means as aerial photography and electronic remote sensing from artificial Earth satellites. Statistical methods help in spatial analysis of quantitative data, particularly census and survey data. Maps, however, remain the distinctive tool for the geographer.

The discipline of geography has many uses. It enables individuals to know the basic features of the world in which they live, the great variety of lands and peoples, the complex associations and interrelations of human beings with resources and nature, and the problems faced by inhabitants of other countries and regions. Geographic research provides explanations of the distribution of physical, biological, and human features on Earth and of their complex chains of interconnection. Applied geographic analysis has proved useful in managing resources, in understanding problems of the environment, in analyzing natural hazards (such as droughts or floods), and in measuring the distribution of environmental pollution or contamination by discharges of urban, agricultural, and industrial wastes. The analysis of unanticipated environmental effects caused by the construction of large dams and reservoirs has been particularly important. Geographers are engaged in planning land use and housing. They are an important resource in national and international agencies that deal with the study, inventory, development, or administration of natural or human resources.

Related Internet Links:

Geography USA: A Virtual Textbook

Color Landform Atlas of the United States

Oddens's Bookmarks: The Fascinating World of Maps and Mapping

How Far Is It?

Working with Maps

 


 

20 Sections

 

Geography  History  Archaelogy National Fiestas Feeding Traditions Culture
Music  Folklore Dances Handcraft Popular Paint Tipical food  Aborigens
Botany Toponimia Ceramica Gastonomia Artesania Society  Zoology 


National Parks by regions National Parks Natural Monuments by Region Natural Monuments  Nature Region Maps Nature CalendarNature Calendar


Venezuela´s Eco Regions (15)


  (more than 100)


400 Org. Nationwide


Eco-Tourism Related 

Wildlife Circuits % ToursExpeditions & Nature Trips (more than 65)  (We send a Frre Brochure with/Prices at your e-mail)

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Adventure  (11)


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