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ENDANGERED SPECIES IN VENEZUELA

Nymphalid butterfly of Paria ( Heliconius hecale baracnti)

The know distribution of theis buterfly is limited tl the surroundings of Irapa in Sucre State, The conversions of natural habitats by human settlers is the main threat to its wildl population.Condition Minor risk

Swallowtail butterfly (Papilo zagreus zagreus)

This subspecies of swallowtail is endemic to the coastal ans Andean mountain. The current state of its populations is unknown The trafffic of wild-caught specimens is probably its most important current threat. Condition insufficently known

 

Fin whale (Balaenoptera Physalus)

The Fin Whale is the second largest living mammal it has been severely affected by over-explotation and its combined population about 100.000 individuals. In Venezuela it is protected by law. Condition Vulnerable

 

 

 

 

 

West Indian manatee ( Trichechus manatus)

West Indian manatee are found throughout  the coast of the Caribbean and northeastern South America. In Venezuela current populations are located in the Maracaibo lake basin, Orinoco river, and the lowlands of the and adjacent areas to the Orinoco delta Numerous sub populations are now extinct or severely reduced. Condition Endangered

Estuarine dolphin (Sotalia fluviatilis)

It range from the basin of lake Maracaibo and the Gulf of Venezuela, throughout the coast to Sucre and delta Amacuro, reaching deep inland territory in the basin of the orincoo and Casiquiare rivers. Condition insufficiently known - minor risk

Giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis)

This Giant river otter can be found in low densities in rivers in Monagas Barinas Amazonas Bolivar, Delta Amacuro and Apure. The combination of intensive hunting for its pelt and the deforestation of river margins and pollution of water bodies have reduced its wild population. Condition Vulnerable to extinction.

Spinner Dolphin (Stenella longirostris)

It is distributed along the coast from Falcon to Sucre, about its status has not been established, it is considered Insufficiently known

Humpbacked whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)

They have been reported for the coast of Miranda, Sucre and Anzoategui and in the islands of La Totuga, Las Aves, and Los testigos. Condition Vulnerable

Torrent duck (Merganetta armata)

Its can be found in Merida to Tachira were between 100 to 1500 individuals are thought to live. The destruction of Andean habitats, and the intensive hunting are its main threats. Condition Endangered

 

Giant Anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla)

In Venezuela they extend north to Falcon and the northeast of the maracaibo Lake. and also can be found in Bolivar and Amazonas. Their main threats are cars in highway, and illegal hunting. Condition vulnerable to extinction

Bush dog ( speothos venaticus)

In Venezuela its distribution is discontinuos wich is probably the reason why it is so scarce at the north of the country. Condition vulnerable

Margay cat (Leopardus wiedii)

In Venezuela its distribution is discontinuos, this small felid similar to the ocelot can be found in the coastal mountains range. It was the object of intensive hunting pressure at the present the main threat is habitata destruction. Condition Vulnerable to extinction.

Rufous brocket deer (Mazama rufina bricenii)

Its range extends through Tachira, Merida, Trujillo, it is considered the most threatened species in Venezuela. The rate of conversion of Andean habitats by humans is alarming wich combined with a severe hunting pressure have resulted in the reduction of its population. protected by law by 25 years. Condition Vulnerable.

Giant armadillo ( Priodontes maximus)

It is found at extremely low densities along the Coastal and Andean mountain range, Apure, Barinas, Portuguesa, Lara Yaracauy and south of the orinoco river in Bolivar and Amazonas. The main threats to its populations are hunting for commerce and food. Condition Vulnerable to extinction.

Long haired spider monkey (Ateles belzebuth hybridus)

Is an inhabitant of humid forest in the Maracaibo Lake basin, Zulia, Tachira and trujillo. The progressiveee destruction of mountain forest is the main threat to its wild populations. Condition endangered category.

 

Grey necked night monkey (Aotus lemorinus)

Primate distributed in Venezuela along the Maracaibo lake basin, and the Andeand mountains of Tachira and trujillo. Hunting pressure is high, as it is valued as a pet, as a food and a model for biomedical research. Condition minor risk

Spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus)

In Venezuela it is foundin the Andean and Perija mountain ranges, were around 1.000 individuals. Although bear hunting, and the conversion and fragmentation of their natural habitat, have been declared Vulnerable to extinction

 

Orinoco cocodrile (Crocodylus intermedius)

In Venezuela it ranged throughout the lowlands of the Orinoco basin. the total population is estimate in 1.500 crocodiles. The main threat is habitat destrucion, egg poaching and the traffic of newborn crocodiles. Condition Endangered specie

Silky anteater

The samllest of all known anteater in Venezuela ir is distributed from the Paria peninsula across Monagas and Delta Amacuro in the humid forest of Bolivar and Amazonas Population sizes have slighty decreased due to the deforestation and modification of its habitat. Condition Insufficiently known.

 

Venezuelan slider ( Trachemys scripta chichiriviche)

It is restricted to a small coastal area in the northwest of Falcon and Moron, its population is estimated at around 500 individuals. The main threats are poaching for food and habitat loss to pollution. Condition Vulnerable to extinction.

 

 

 

 

 

Arrau sideneck (podocnemis expansa)

This is the largest known livingfresh water turtle in Venezuela it is found along the Orinoco river and his main tributaries. The main threat is the overexplotation of its population for food. Condition Endangered.

Clapper rail (rallus longirostris margaritae)

this endemic subspecies has only been reported for the La Restinga lagoon in Margarita. The main threat is probably the pollution and modification of mangrave forest. Condition Vulnerable

Harpy eagle (Harpia harpuja)

In Venezuela it can be found north of the Orinico, in Carabobo,Aragua, and the the Coastal mountains range. It is extremely threatened north of the Orinoco river. habitat destruction and fragmentation are its main threats. Condittion Vulnerable

Margarita's blue crowned parabeet (Aratinga acuticaudata neoxena)

It is located in arid areas contiguos to the la Restinga lagoon in Margarita Island, its extinction is likely in the medium term. its main threats are hunting for pets and the destruction of arid habitat for sand mining. Condition endangered specie

Red Siskin (Carduelis cucullata)

The most threatened birds of Venezuela, actually can be found only in a few locations in Falcon, Lara barinas Miranda Guarico Anzoategui and Zulia. Population estimates vary from a minimum of 700 to 5.000 birds. It is listed as Endangered, in urgent need of conservation action.

Scissor-tailed hummingbird ( Hylonympha macrocerca)

Is one of the most famous Venezuelan endemic, they are only found in cloud forest in Paria Peninsula in Sucre state pressure on its populations is currently low, it is considered as Vulnerable, but partially protected

Poison arrow frog (dendrobates leucomelas)

It is distributed in inhabits tropical forest south of the Orinoco river in Amazonas and Bolivar. The main threat is the collection of live specimens for the international pet market. Condition Minor risk

Helmeted curassow (Pauxi pauxi)

This large bird is endemic to Colombia and Venezuela, located in the Andean and central coastal mountain, and the Paria peninsula. Condition Endangered

Rusty faced parror ( Hapalopsittaca amazonina theresae)

This small parrot inhabits cloud forest and rain forest of the Andes of Tachira and Merida states. Hunting for pet market, and destruction of the Andes forest are the main threat. where 2.000 individuals are estimated. Condition Endangered.

Margarita's red legged tinamou ( Cryptturelus erythropus margaritae)

Another specific specie it is only founded in the El Copey mountain in Margarita island. Under intense pressure by urban development, agriculture, and local hunters. Condition Endangered specie

 

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